Thyroid Disease

The thyroid gland is located in the base of the neck on both sides of the lower part of the voice box (larynx) and upper part of the wind pipe (trachea). The thyroid produces chemicals (hormones) that help the body control metabolism. Thyroid hormone is also produced in response to another hormone secreted by the pituitary gland.

  • There are four main types of thyroid disease:
  • Hyperthyroidism — too much thyroid hormone
  • Hypothyroidism — too little thyroid hormone
  • Benign (non-cancerous) thyroid disease
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Antithyroid Drugs (UpToDate):  A description of various thyroid drug therapies for hyperthyroidism( overactive thyroid) and complications.
  • Thyroid Hormone Treatment:  (American Thyroid Association) – :: description of various thyroid hormone treatments for a underactive thyroid.
  • Thyroid Surgery:  (American Thyroid Association)  Information about about thyroid surgery.
  • Radioiodine Therapy:  (American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists) – Description of use of oral radioactive iodine treatment( available at Slocum Dickson).
  • Postpartum Thyroiditis:  (American Thyroid Association) : Description of a painless thyroid condition following pregnancy which can cause fatigue and depression.
  • Thyroid Disease and Pregnancy:  (American Thyroid Association) : Description of thyroid diseases and treatments that can occur during pregnancy.
  • Thyroid Facts:  (American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists) 80% of people with thyroid disease are women and the incidence of thyroid disease increases with age.