Obstetrics, Gynecology & Infertility

Importance of a regular exam

Routine gynecological exams are an essential part of a woman’s total health and well-being.  These important yearly exams allow the physician to detect problems, such as cervical cancer, in their early stages when they can be treated more easily.  Maintaining a healthy reproductive system can decrease the risk of complications during pregnancy and delivery.  The routine breast exam given by the OB/GYN can identify early signs of breast cancer.

It is recommended that a woman have her first gynecological exam by the time she is eighteen years old.  However, there are some circumstances when a woman should be examined earlier including:

• being sexually active
• having a difficult menstrual period (pain or unusual bleeding)
• experiencing an abnormal vaginal discharge (bad odor or irritation)
• planning to become pregnant
• lack of menstrual period


A gynecological exam can be broken down into four parts.

Health History - During this portion of the visit the physician will discuss your health history and that of your family members.  This information will help the physician determine if you are at risk for any inherited health problems or if your future children may be at risk.

Physical Exam -   During this exam your weight and blood pressure will be checked.  Your reproductive organs will be examined for any abnormalities.  The physical exam also consists of a breast exam to check for any cysts or lumps.

Pap Test - A Pap test is done by using a swab to take a few cells from the cervix or vagina.  The cells are sent to the lab and tested for possible signs of cancer.

Discussion with the Physician - At the conclusion of the exam the physician will discuss the results of the exam with you.  You will receive the results of your lab tests at a later date.


Below are some common Obstetrics, Gynecology & Infertility health topics. Click on the titles to view more information.

Pap Tests & Pelvic Exams

Cervical Cancer

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

HIV Awareness

Contraception/Birth Control

Urinary Tract Infections & Bladder Health


Healthy Pregnancy & Birth


Cord Blood Banking

Menopause & Hormone Replacement Therapy